Archive for gas

El discurso de 28 de Julio de 2010 en veintiocho palabras (29-VII-10)

Posted in 07 - Julio with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 29, 2010 by Farid Matuk

Mensaje a la Nación (28-VII-10)

El año pasado Marco Sifuentes publicó su  versión del Mensaje a la Nación, y este año lo hizo ya Bobsparz. El año pasado se presentó una versión de 10 palabras, y en esta ocasión sera de 28 palabras para darle un siginificado patriótico, usando nuevamente Worlde.

Querido gran pueblo del Perú, nuestro país con mil años de historia, ha tenido obras de inversión en agua y salud por millones de millones de soles a nivel nacional. Además este último año, mi gobierno -desde Lima– habrá logrado mi mayor sueño: el gas de Camisea a través del ministerio de trabajo, financiará el modelo San Martín en el tema del narcotráfico. Por ello, el congreso debe aprobar este proyecto de ley que ahora entrego.

Quienes prefieran la versión completa del mensaje en lugar de ésta abreviada, la pueden encontrar aquí

.

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Garcia takes power facing Peru poverty “time bomb”

Posted in 3 Cables with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 30, 2009 by Farid Matuk

 

By Robin Emmott  |  July 26, 2006

PUNO, Peru (Reuters) – President-elect Alan Garcia takes office on Friday warning Peru is a “time bomb” that could explode into crippling protests if his government cannot combine its pro-business agenda with cutting chronic poverty.

Garcia, who is anxious to make amends for his disastrous first term in 1985-1990 that sparked economic collapse, faces the huge challenge of delivering the benefits of Peru’s unprecedented economic growth since 2002, while keeping international bondholders happy with a careful fiscal policy.

Poor Peruvians make up half the country’s 27 million population, especially in the southern Andes bordering Bolivia, and most did not vote for Garcia. They are impatient for jobs, access to clean drinking water and schools and hospitals.

“We’ll give Garcia six months to show some results. If nothing’s happened, we’ll start the protests,” said Luis Vilcapaza, who represents some 100,000 farmers in Peru’s southern Andes province of Puno.

Investors are keen to avoid the kind of political instability that almost toppled outgoing President Alejandro Toledo in 2004 and take advantage of Peru’s oil, gas and mineral wealth. Peru is the world’s No. 3 copper-producing nation and aims to export natural gas to Mexico from 2010.

Garcia’s presidential win in June was by a slim margin, giving him a weak mandate in a fractured congress.

His left-leaning American Popular Revolutionary Alliance party, known as APRA, is in the minority, while the party of losing presidential candidate Ollanta Humala has promised fierce opposition from its 45 seats in congress, nine more than

APRA.

“We face a time bomb because during Toledo’s term, the economy grew to benefit only 30 percent of the population,” Garcia said in a speech this month to residents of a shanty town on the edge of Lima.

“We will create economic progress that will allow us to confront these time bombs.”

Peruvians in the south say they want the kind of economic nationalism favored by Venezuela’s anti-U.S. President Hugo Chavez and Bolivian leader Evo Morales, not policies supported by Wall Street such as privatization.

SOCIAL PROBLEMS LOOM

They say that is the only way to ease social ills in a country where the gross domestic product per capita is lower than in 1975.

About 62 percent of young Peruvians are poor, according to a study by the U.N. Population Fund and the Peruvian health ministry.

The number of Peruvian women who die during childbirth is one of the highest levels in Latin America. One in three women in Peru’s jungle region become pregnant before age 20.

Malaria, tuberculosis and sexual violence against women also are all major problems in Peru.

“Garcia urgently needs to help the young,” outgoing Health Minister Pilar Mazetti told Reuters. “Otherwise we’ll see frustrations boil over into protests, the formation of gangs and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.”

Farid Matuk, outgoing head of Peru’s National Statistics Institute, said the solution is not in faster economic growth, as Garcia has pledged, because the economy only needs to grow above 3.3 percent annually to alleviate poverty.

Rather, Garcia should aim to develop the economy away from its historic dependence on mineral exports by helping small businesses and improving the way public funds are spent.

Peru’s mining regions will receive a record $800 million in 2006 from royalties and taxes, equivalent to slightly more than the government’s total annual health and education budget. But locals and miners say the money is not being properly spent.

“We need to see jobs and better schools, working hospitals,” said 43-year-old rickshaw driver Gabriel Tipo, a widower in Puno with five children. “If things don’t get better, I think Humala should stage a coup and take over government.”

Mon Feb 24, 2003 3:52 pm

Posted in 2003-02 Febrero with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on January 26, 2009 by Farid Matuk

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/MacroPeru/message/2536

¿ Gasolinazos ? ¡ Los de antes !

Luego del mensaje de Kapsoli donde Umberto Eco efectua algunas
reflexiones, tambien recorde algunos escritos de Noam Chomsky sobre Yugoslavia. Ambos están dedicados a la semiótica en el medio
académico, y todas la referencias al “gasolinazo” en los medios me
hizo recordar el contexto donde la palabra se originó, y la semiótica
implicada en el manejo de la palabra en cuestión. A continuación
están los cien mayores gasolinazos por variedad desde Enero de 1980,
previo a este mes no se ha encontrado información detallada sobre
este concepto.

*****************
Gas para el Hogar
*****************
AÑO MES VARIACION
1990 08 1802.64%
1988 09 187.59%
1990 12 69.06%
1988 12 58.92%
1990 05 56.68%
1988 07 52.36%
1990 06 50.60%
1989 01 49.28%
1990 09 47.38%
1989 02 41.42%
1990 07 41.16%
1989 03 38.20%
1989 12 33.17%
1983 01 31.44%
1990 01 27.46%
1990 04 27.14%
1988 11 26.75%
1985 01 26.54%
1981 01 24.56%
1990 02 23.79%
1983 02 23.64%
1988 03 23.26%
1990 03 22.81%
1991 01 21.89%
1985 02 20.64%
1983 05 19.81%
1985 03 18.77%
1985 08 18.57%
1981 07 18.07%
1985 05 17.65%
1989 04 16.90%
1988 10 16.81%
1987 07 16.51%
1980 09 16.49%
1989 08 15.77%
1983 04 15.20%
1992 09 14.17%
1989 09 13.63%
1989 05 13.10%
1991 07 12.70%
1984 02 11.80%
1982 12 11.80%
1993 01 11.32%
1984 08 10.69%
1985 06 10.64%
1993 09 10.40%
1983 08 10.39%
1991 06 10.36%
1991 08 10.31%
1981 08 10.20%
1989 07 10.16%
1982 06 10.03%
1981 04 9.93%
1982 01 9.59%
1996 12 9.46%
1996 11 9.30%
1992 10 9.25%
1993 12 9.14%
1985 04 8.83%
1982 10 8.72%
1984 03 8.67%
1984 07 8.42%
1989 11 8.15%
1981 12 8.09%
1991 09 8.06%
1991 10 7.72%
1992 08 7.70%
1983 07 7.58%
1992 07 7.48%
1984 01 7.46%
1999 08 7.35%
1989 10 7.35%
1992 04 7.30%
1992 05 7.27%
2003 01 6.99%
1988 04 6.97%
1992 12 6.91%
1984 12 6.91%
2000 04 6.90%
1984 10 6.55%
1981 10 6.48%
1985 07 6.43%
1995 07 6.35%
1982 03 6.34%
1981 03 6.34%
1984 11 6.21%
1982 04 6.21%
1983 06 5.79%
1982 08 5.71%
1992 06 5.71%
2001 01 5.64%
1984 06 5.56%
1982 07 5.56%
1993 08 5.24%
2002 04 5.06%
1983 03 5.02%
1999 04 5.02%
1995 06 4.99%
1980 02 4.97%
1984 04 4.68%

**********************
Kerosene para el Hogar
**********************
AÑO MES VARIACION
1990 08 2239.62%
1988 09 121.08%
1988 03 92.52%
1988 12 86.90%
1989 01 71.78%
1989 04 53.19%
1989 02 51.43%
1990 05 49.56%
1981 01 47.97%
1989 08 46.88%
1990 06 46.44%
1989 03 46.26%
1988 10 39.30%
1990 07 37.43%
1988 07 34.88%
1988 11 33.31%
1990 02 33.26%
1990 04 31.93%
1989 12 29.62%
1989 09 29.60%
1983 02 26.69%
1990 03 26.26%
1990 01 23.92%
1983 01 23.85%
1983 05 23.56%
1985 01 23.14%
1982 07 17.69%
1983 04 16.60%
1981 10 16.27%
1988 04 15.19%
1991 06 15.03%
1990 12 14.93%
1985 02 14.83%
1981 03 14.78%
1981 07 14.05%
1982 03 13.73%
2002 09 13.19%
1989 05 12.33%
1984 03 11.42%
1983 06 11.37%
1981 12 11.21%
1987 07 11.02%
1983 08 10.73%
2000 11 10.25%
1991 08 10.21%
1982 04 10.12%
1982 06 9.93%
1991 01 9.82%
1999 08 9.81%
1980 10 9.79%
1982 10 9.14%
1989 11 8.77%
1992 09 8.63%
1991 10 8.60%
1983 03 8.59%
1984 12 8.24%
1981 08 8.20%
1993 12 8.01%
1984 02 7.97%
1984 11 7.81%
1991 09 7.72%
1985 04 7.61%
1993 01 7.52%
1985 06 7.51%
1991 11 7.26%
1999 04 7.14%
1989 07 6.89%
1983 07 6.74%
1992 10 6.64%
1985 05 6.60%
1984 06 6.59%
2000 10 6.40%
1985 07 6.33%
1982 12 6.31%
1984 08 6.25%
1985 03 6.14%
1984 07 6.13%
1992 12 6.02%
1991 07 5.86%
1984 04 5.77%
1982 08 5.71%
1993 08 5.69%
1983 09 5.50%
1984 01 5.46%
1982 02 5.30%
1990 09 5.25%
1984 10 5.23%
1982 11 5.12%
1992 07 5.03%
2000 09 5.01%
1984 05 5.00%
1992 08 4.79%
1982 05 4.73%
1984 09 4.70%
1992 05 4.67%
1987 08 4.58%
1982 09 4.51%
1996 11 4.40%
1993 11 4.34%
1991 05 4.32%

***************************
Combustible para Transporte
***************************
AÑO MES VARIACION
1990 08 1960.25%
1988 09 246.72%
1988 12 77.86%
1990 06 59.31%
1988 07 50.59%
1989 02 42.69%
1990 05 41.33%
1989 01 39.62%
1988 03 39.56%
1985 08 35.96%
1988 11 35.93%
1990 07 35.01%
1990 09 32.77%
1988 10 26.90%
1989 03 26.61%
1981 01 26.56%
1989 04 25.88%
1985 01 25.82%
1990 12 23.71%
1990 04 22.61%
1990 02 22.45%
1987 07 21.47%
1990 03 20.27%
1985 03 19.58%
1989 12 19.01%
1987 04 18.03%
1991 01 18.01%
1985 02 16.84%
1990 01 15.93%
1989 09 15.54%
1983 02 15.24%
1985 05 14.93%
1989 07 14.22%
1985 06 13.73%
1980 09 13.28%
1989 08 12.76%
1991 07 12.57%
1989 05 12.42%
1989 11 12.19%
1983 01 11.66%
1991 06 11.54%
1984 02 11.26%
1989 10 11.10%
1988 04 11.03%
1983 08 10.85%
1991 08 10.59%
1983 05 10.32%
1982 06 9.97%
1983 04 9.95%
1981 10 9.61%
1982 10 9.50%
1985 07 9.35%
1983 06 9.35%
1985 04 9.24%
1993 12 8.79%
1991 09 8.65%
1984 08 8.31%
1984 03 8.19%
1982 12 7.85%
1981 07 7.74%
1983 07 7.60%
1984 07 7.51%
2002 04 7.22%
1984 12 7.14%
1982 03 7.12%
1981 12 7.07%
1982 02 6.90%
1984 11 6.80%
1993 01 6.76%
1982 04 6.53%
1984 01 6.27%
1991 10 6.24%
1980 02 6.11%
1982 07 6.04%
1999 04 6.03%
1993 08 5.77%
1999 10 5.67%
1983 09 5.64%
1999 08 5.36%
1991 04 5.36%
1996 06 5.19%
1981 03 5.12%
1983 12 5.00%
1984 06 4.95%
1981 04 4.79%
1982 08 4.74%
1981 08 4.74%
1992 10 4.67%
2000 11 4.65%
1996 05 4.49%
1993 09 4.44%
1992 04 4.40%
1983 03 4.38%
1991 11 4.28%
1992 05 4.24%
2001 05 4.17%
1992 06 4.12%
1988 06 4.11%
1984 04 4.08%
1984 09 4.06%